SKINCARE GLOSSARY

Acne/Oily Skin

Acne and blemishes can occur on the face, back and chest. Your skin fits this condition if you have excess oil and shine a few hours after washing, regular acne breakouts monthly or in response to stress, or if you have at least one acne pimple and / or bothersome blackheads and whiteheads on a regular basis. Cleansers and toners need to be carefully selected so as not to irritate or dry the skin which may stimulate over production of sebum by the sebaceous glands. Use of oil-free moisturizers is suggested to keep skin hydrated without clogging pores. Topical acne treatments can be used to clear acne pimples, blackheads and whiteheads and to help prevent new acne pimples from forming. If you have deep acne cysts or regularly have more than 10 pimples at one time, then you should see a dermatologist for additional anti-acne therapy.


Acne Prone

If you have excess oil and shine a few hours after washing, and are prone to acne breakouts monthly or in response to stress, your skin is considered acne-prone. Cleansers and toners need to be carefully selected so as not to irritate or dry the skin which may stimulate over production of sebum by the sebaceous glands. Light, oil-free moisturizers should be used to keep skin hydrated without being oily. Use acne treatment products to clear acne pimples, blackheads and whiteheads and to help prevent new pimples from forming.


Age Spots/Uneven Skin Tone

Your skin is ‘hyperpigmented’ or has ‘uneven skin tone’ if you have areas of discoloration on your face, chest, shoulders or hands from years of sun exposure. Also known as sun spots and age spots, these areas of hyperpigmentation are visible signs of photoaging. Skin may also become discolored after pregnancy or as a result of using oral contraceptives (birth control pills); this condition is called ‘melasma or chloasma’. Many cases of melasma and hyperpigmentation will improve over time with regular use of a topical skin brightener and exfoliator. Some cases of hyperpigmentation occur deeper in the skin and require a dermatologist to provide additional therapy. All pigmentation problems require sun avoidance and strict sunscreen use to maintain benefits of treatment.


Blotchy/Redness

Your skin is blotchy if you have areas of redness on your face and chest from years of sun exposure. Blotchy skin can be due to a condition called rosacea but is often a sign of photoaging. See your physician for questions about redness/blotchy skin.


Combination Skin

Your skin is classified as ‘combination’ if you experience oiliness and shine in the T-zone (forehead, nose and chin) a few hours after washing, while having normal or dry skin on the cheeks and along the jaw line.Your skin may also be combination if you feel dry, tight and in need of moisturization after washing in the morning, and then progress to an oily or shiny appearance a few hours later.


Dry

Dry skin conditions range from mildly dry with light flaking and skin tightness to extremely rough hyperkeratotic disorders such as the condition ichthyosis. Most dry skin can be relieved through the use of a good moisturizer with AHAs and PHAs for gentle exfoliation, hydration and skin conditioning. The more bothersome dry skin conditions on the face require an extra heavy emollient formulation in combination with skin normalizing / conditioning alpha and polyhydroxy acids (AHAs and PHAs). The most severe forms of dry skin including ichthyosis and scaling associated with plaque psoriasis, generally require therapeutic products, and are best treated by a dermatologist.


Dull

Dull skin results when skin’s natural turnover slows over time and with years of accumulated sun exposure. Brighten dull skin with products that renew the skin’s natural exfoliation process and bring back youthful radiance. NeoStrata® antiaging formulations enhance exfoliation and restore radiance.


Eczema/Atopic Dermatitis

These clinically sensitive skin conditions generally ‘over’ respond to normal environmental and social factors. Eczema/Atopic skin may be extremely sensitive to topical products, including normal cleansers and moisturizers, and often appears dry, irritated and red. It can be difficult to identify a normal skin care regimen that does not irritate atopic skin, especially one that contains anti-aging ingredients. Try our RESTORE collection with gentle, restorative PHAs and Bionic Acids to help condition and hydrate eczema-prone, atopic skin, while also delivering gentle antiaging benefits. For information on how to treat this condition, see a physician.


Hyperpigmentation

Your skin is ‘hyperpigmented’ if you have areas of discoloration on your face, chest, shoulders or hands from years of sun exposure. Also known as sun spots and age spots, these areas of hyperpigmentation are visible signs of photoaging. Skin may also become discolored after pregnancy or as a result of using oral contraceptives; this condition is called ‘melasma’. You can improve the appearance hyperpigmented and uneven skin tone over time with sun avoidance and regular use of a topical skin brightener and exfoliator such as ENLIGHTEN. Some cases of hyperpigmentation occur deeper in the skin and require a dermatologist to provide additional therapy. All pigmentation irregularities require sun avoidance and or strict sunscreen use to maintain benefits of treatment. If you are uncertain about your pigmented spot, be sure to get it checked out by a dermatologist promptly to ensure skin health.


Keratosis Pilaris

Keratosis Pilaris (KP) is a skin condition that appears as rough bumps around hair follicles (goose-bump like appearance) on the skin of the back and outer side of the upper arms and thighs. KP is an extremely common condition often seen in adolescent females. It’s not harmful but can be bothersome due to its rough appearance. The condition generally disappears with age. To keep skin soft and smooth, use of high-strength exfoliating AHA lotions and cream is recommended. Physicians can also apply a ProSystem AHA peel to give a quick exfoliation boost.


Mottled

Your skin is ‘mottled’ or ‘uneven’ if you have areas of discoloration on your face, chest, shoulders or hands from years of sun exposure. Mottled skin is a visible sign of photoaging that may also occur after pregnancy or as a result of using oral contraceptives. Correct mottled skin with topical skin brighteners and exfoliators and be sure to avoid the sun and use sunscreen daily.


Oily Skin

Your skin fits this condition if you have excess oil and shine a few hours after washing. Cleansers and toners need to be carefully selected so as not to irritate or dry the skin which may stimulate over production of oily sebum by the sebaceous glands. Light, oil-free moisturizers should be used to keep skin hydrated without being oily. Mattifying formulations help to reduce visible shininess with each application.


Photoaged

Nearly all visible signs of aging are due to accumulated sun exposure. This condition, known as photoaging, causes the appearance of wrinkled, dull and lifeless skin on sun exposed areas of the body. NeoStrata’s antiaging discoveries have been shown to help reverse many of the visible signs of photodamage. These include the alpha hydroxyacids (AHAs), including glycolic acid, and the polyhydroxy acids (PHAs) including gluconolactone and lactobionic acid, aminosugars such as Acetyl Glucosamine/NeoGlucosamine® (NAG) and our latest breakthrough ingredient Aminofil®. Repeated use of these ingredients enhances skin texture making it smoother and firmer with a reduced appearance of fine lines, wrinkles and laxity. Skin is also brighter and more luminous, helping to revitalize dull, lifeless skin. For comprehensive antiaging options, see SKIN ACTIVE. And, for more intense corrective treatments, see a medical skincare professional for procedural options such as superficial peels, lasers and tissue tightening procedures.


Photodamaged

Nearly all visible signs of aging are due to accumulated sun exposure. This condition, known as photoaging, causes the appearance of wrinkled, dull and lifeless skin on sun exposed areas of the body. NeoStrata’s antiaging discoveries have been shown to help reverse many of the visible signs of photodamage. These include the alpha hydroxyacids (AHAs), including glycolic acid, and the polyhydroxy acids (PHAs) including gluconolactone and lactobionic acid, aminosugars such as Acetyl Glucosamine/NeoGlucosamine® (NAG) and our latest breakthrough ingredient Aminofil®. Repeated use of these ingredients enhances skin texture making it smoother and firmer with a reduced appearance of fine lines, wrinkles and laxity. Skin is also brighter and more luminous, helping to revitalize dull, lifeless skin. For comprehensive antiaging options, see SKIN ACTIVE. And, for more intense corrective treatments, see a medical skincare professional for procedural options such as superficial peels, lasers and tissue tightening procedures.


Rosacea/Flushing/Blotchy

Rosacea is a red, inflammatory condition that some researchers believe is caused or worsened by a microorganism on the skin, which makes the skin on the nose and surrounding areas appear flushed, inflamed, and often shiny, broken out, with small visible blood vessels. Those prone to rosacea may experience a flare after drinking a glass a wine, going outside into cold weather, feeling embarrassed and flushed, drinking hot fluids or eating spicy foods. Use of certain topical products may also exacerbate rosacea prone flushing on skin. NeoStrata® research has shown the polyhydroxy acid (PHA) gluconolactone, is compatible with sensitive, rosacea-prone skin, providing the option to help hydrate and condition while delivering gentle anti-aging benefits. See NeoStrata® RESTORE products and use only as tolerated. For information on how to treat rosacea, see a physician.


Rough

Rough skin often results from skin dryness and a reduction in the natural skin renewal process. Rough/dry skin conditions range from mildly dry with light flaking and skin tightness to extremely rough hyperkeratotic disorders such as the condition ichthyosis. Most skin roughness can be relieved through the use of a good exfoliating moisturizer with AHAs and PHAs which also hydrate and provide skin conditioning effects. The more bothersome rough, dry skin conditions on the face require an extra strength, heavy emollient formulation such as Problem Dry Skin Cream. The most severe forms of dry skin including ichthyosis and scaling associated with plaque psoriasis, generally require therapeutic products, and are best treated by a dermatologist.


Scaly

Rough, scaly skin often results from skin dryness and a reduction in the natural skin renewal process. Rough scaly skin ranges from mildly dry with light flaking and skin tightness to extremely rough hyperkeratotic disorders such as the condition ichthyosis. Most scaling can be relieved through the use of a good exfoliating moisturizer with AHAs and PHAs which also hydrate and provide skin conditioning effects. The more bothersome rough, dry skin conditions on the face require an extra strength, heavy emollient formulation such as Problem Dry Skin Cream. The most severe forms of dry skin including ichthyosis and scaling associated with plaque psoriasis, generally require therapeutic products, and are best treated by a dermatologist.


Sensitive

Sensitive skin experiences heightened sensory responses to chemical, environmental or social triggers. People with sensitive skin are more likely to experience stinging, itching, burning, dryness, redness and breakouts in response to their skin’s particular trigger. Many people with sensitive skin experience mild stinging and burning from soaps and cleansers as well as some high strength antiaging ingredients such as alpha hydroxyacids (AHAs). For those with sensitive skin, the polyhydroxy acids (PHAs) gluconolactone, lactobionic acid and maltobionic acid provide the antiaging benefits of AHAs while being gentle enough for sensitive skin.


Stressed

Does the cold weather, dry winds, pollution or personal stress trouble your skin? If so, your skin can be classified as ‘stressed’—that is your skin negatively responds to various environmental and social factors by becoming dry, irritated, sensitive, unbalanced and/or blemished. Stressed skin needs the conditioning and protective actions of antioxidants and polyhydroxy acids.


Uneven Tone

Your skin has uneven tone you have areas of discoloration on your face, chest, shoulders or hands from years of sun exposure. Uneven skin is a visible sign of photoaging that may also occur after pregnancy or as a result of using oral contraceptives. Correct mottled skin with topical skin brighteners and exfoliators and be sure to avoid the sun and use sunscreen daily.


Wrinkled

Nearly all visible signs of aging are due to accumulated sun exposure. This condition, known as photoaging, causes the appearance of wrinkled, dull and lifeless skin on sun exposed areas of the body. NeoStrata’s antiaging discoveries have been shown to help reverse many of the visible signs of photodamage. These include the alpha hydroxyacids (AHAs), including glycolic acid, and the polyhydroxy acids (PHAs) including gluconolactone and lactobionic acid, aminosugars such as Acetyl Glucosamine/NeoGlucosamine® (NAG) and our latest breakthrough ingredient Aminofil®. Repeated use of these ingredients, and others such as retinol, enhances skin texture making it smoother and firmer with a reduced appearance of fine lines, wrinkles and laxity. Skin is also brighter and more luminous, helping to revitalize dull, lifeless skin. For comprehensive antiaging options, see SKIN ACTIVE. And, for more intense corrective treatments, see a medical skincare professional for procedural options such as superficial peels, lasers and tissue tightening procedures.